The Language of the Fisherman

Scientific terms, English words, conversion of measures… The language of sport fishing often makes use of words that escape the everyday vocabulary, but it is important to know them to better understand – and learn – this large universe. We go to our small dictionary!

The Language of the Fisherman

Batipelágico: who lives in the water column, between 1 000 and 4 000 metres depth, away from bottom.

Bêntico: who lives in direct contact with the bottom, in both shallow and deep water.

Bentopelágico: that lives in contact with the bottom, at depths beyond the continental shelf.

Swim bladder: internal organ, in the form of a bag, with walls resistant and filled with gas, located in the upper part of the body cavity, just below the vertebral column. Present in most bony fish, and are absent in the cartilage.

Canine: tooth narrow and pointed, obvious and commonly isolated from the rest.

Caudal: the caudal fin; located on the rear edge of the body, the main responsible for the locomotion of most fish.

Vest: region with scales, distinct and well separated from the area bare of the body, located in the anterior region of the same, as in the beautiful.

Parental care: the term used for fish that take care of the eggs and young for a period.

Demersal: a term used for eggs are heavier than water and they sink to the bottom, hatching in the substrate.

Sexual dimorphism: physical differences between males and females of the same species.

Dorsal: dorsal fin; it is located along the profile top of the fish. Can be single or divided into two or even three parts. It is usually composed of spines and rays, sometimes only by the rays, and only rarely by thorns.

Spawning partial: females release the oocytes mature in installments over the entire reproductive period

Spawning total: females that release their oocytes mature at a single time in the reproductive period.

Epipelágico: who lives in the water column, between the surface and 200 metres depth.

Scales deciduous: scales that come off easily from the skin.

Scales ciclóides: scales with edges soft, without thorns, tiny on the borders.

Scales ctenóides: scales with rough edges, in the function of tiny spines (ctenii), present in the same.

Shield: scale, or plate of bone modified, situated in the skin, large and conspicuous when compared to other scales.

Falcado: term usually used to define the shape of a fin that has one of its outer edges in the long arc.

The slot or opening gill: term used to designate the opening that exists in the anterior region of the body (on the flanks or in the lower part of the body), at the end of the head, by which the water-inspired, for the breath is exhaled.

Filamentoso: extension very elongate and narrow.

Phytoplankton: plankton plant.

Furcada: with the rear edge of the flow in closed angle, by dividing such a fin in two lobes very distinct.

Fusiform: with the body in the form of time, that is, with the head and caudal peduncle narrower than the rest of the body, and the region between the two cylindrical or subcilíndrica.

Hermaphrodite: it has both the reproductive organs of the female as the male.

Incisor: the tooth in the form of a chisel, generally flattened and with the outer edge sharp and truncated.

Lanceolado: with the caudal fin in the shape of the tip of the spear or arrow.

Larva: stage of life of organisms between birth and youth.

Line-of-tide: or the line of drift; the track of debris, algae and other floating objects, visible on the surface of the water, usually with various miles, but may have interruptions. Caused by currents, tides, and winds, form habitat excellent for numerous fish and invertebrates, both in their own ways larvais as adults.

Lateral line: sensory organ composed of a canal that runs along the flank of the fish, with the pores being in contact with the external environment and many times with groups of sensory cells special it originated.

Wolf: extra time; in the flow, sets each of its two outer parts, the top and the bottom.

Lunada: a term used to describe the rear edge of the flow, with the concavity very sharp, forming a semicircle.

Mesopelágico: who lives in the water column, between 200 and 1 000 metres depth.

Operculum: the largest bone that covers the opening of the gill, often with spines or projections on their edges; present in the vast majority of bony fish but absent from others, as the congro and the like.

Ovíparo: that lays eggs and they develop and hatch in the environment.

Egg adhesive: the surface of the eggs of the fish presents physical-chemical characteristics that make them stickers or not.

Caudal peduncle: the region of the body between the end posterior basal of the fins dorsal and anal and the base of the flow, usually narrower than the rest of the body; in the fish epipelágicos, often presents keels dermal side of the rib.

Pectoral: pectoral fin; each of the two fins, usually located after the opening of the gill, on the flank of the fish, but that may have inferior position in several families.

Pelagic: living in the water column, away from the bottom; a term generally used to designate organisms that live in the waters beyond the continental shelf.

Pelvic: fin pelvic girdle; each of the two fins generally located in a position ventral, that can vary in its position, since the jugular until abdominal.

Plankton: collection of bodies which, by proper motion, are not able to cross currents mild to moderate, and are by them transported. Includes the phytoplankton and the zooplankton.

Continental shelf: the region of the bottom of the sea that goes from the shore to a depth of 200 metres, along the continents and islands.

Pre-cap: the bone of the face, immediately anterior to the operculum, and often with its outside edge separated from that bone by a depression.

Keel: crest dermal side of the caudal peduncle, escamada or not.

Symbiosis: relationship between organisms of many. In comensalismo, one of the species benefits from another without harming it; in mutualism, both benefit from the relationship; and in parasitism, one takes advantage of and cause harm to another.

Truncated: it is said of the tail whose rear edge is straight, without concavity or extension.

Tubers: projections of the bony or dermal, rigid, in the skin.

Riparian vegetation: similar to riparian forest. Is the forest that lies on the shores of rivers and lakes.

Vivíparo: those whose embryos develop, receiving nourishment through the umbilical cord and kept protected in the placenta within the womb of the mother.

Zooplankton: animal plankton.


Conversion table

How to convert with precision feet, pounds, ounces, and other units to the metric system in brazil. Check out the table and make yourself the calculation.


  • Units of weight

1 oz (ounce) = 28.35 gram

1 lb (pound) = 453,59 grams

  • Units of length

1” (inch) = 2,54 cm

1’ (foot) = 30.48 cm

1 yd (yard) = 0,91 meter

1 nautical mile = 1,85 km


English term

Some of the words that are already embedded in the day-to-day fisheries made in Brazil, and others that will help you in reading texts in English on the subject.


Angler = angler

Angling = fishing

Bait = bait

Baitcasting = fishing throwing artificial lures

Ball bearing = bearing

Barbless hook = fishhook without the barb

Billfish = fish spout

Blank = tube rod, hollow or solid

Bluefish = enchova

Bow = bow

Brine = salt/salt water

Channel = channel

Cutlass fish = fish-sword

Diving lip = dewlap

Dolphin = the golden

Drag = friction

Drop-off = level underwater sudden

Dry fly = fly dry

Fiberglass = glass fiber

Fishing buddy = mate fishing

Fishing license = license fishing

Flats = shallow sandy

Flipping = throwing technique in which the bait is driven from the bottom up

Float = float

Gaff =to gaff

Gear = junk

Guide = guide fishing

Handle = crank

Hook barb = barb

Hook eye = ring of the hook

Hook point = tip of the hook

Hook shank = shank of the hook

Inshore fishing = fishing coastal

Jigging = fishing on the bottom or vertical

Knot = knot

Leader = line in the terminal part, the leader

Levelwind = line distributor

Live bait = live bait

Lure = artificial bait

Mackerel = mackerel

Mangrove = mangrove

Minnow = little fish

Mullet = mullet

Multiplier reel = reel

Offshore fishing = fishing on the open sea

Outboard = motor outboard

Peacock bass = peacock

Red tide = red tide

Reef = arrecife

Rig = mounting

Rivermouth = the mouth of the river

Rod = rod

Rod guide = dowel rod

Scale = scale / balance

Shale = gravel

Shark = shark

Shock leader = startup line

Shrimp = shrimp

Sidecast = pitch side

Single hook = hook simple

Skunked = came back with no fish

Snook = robalo

Soft bait = bait plastic

Spincast = reel center output

Spinning = fishing with windlass

Spool = spool

Squall = waterspout

Stern = stern

Stream = stream

Strike = attack of the fish

Surfcasting = fishing the beach

Swell = swell

Swivel = swivel

Tackle = stuff

Tacklebox = fishing box

Tail = tail

Thermocline = termoclimal (depth range with the same temperature)

Tide = tide

Top Tip = tip

Treble hook = garateia

Trolling = trolling

Trout = trout

Washer = washer

Wet fly = fly fly that sinks (“wet”)

Whale = whale

Wind = wind

Worm = worm


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