The famous Caballas or Xardas are small fish, which bring great fun to the sport fishermen, and have been part of interesting anecdotes in the history of traditional fishing and Spanish cuisine, today we pay a small tribute teaching you how to fish Cabral: Both from boat and from coast. In turn we recommend the best equipment to capture them and some tricks you do not want to ignore.
Knowing The Species
Its scientific name is Scomber scombrus, but popularly it is known as Mackerel, Xarda, or Macarela. It is a small voracious species, of the family Scombridae, of easy reproduction and meat much quoted, reason why its commercial fishing is one of the most exploited. Mackerel abounds throughout the Atlantic Ocean, and also in the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea.
Adult specimens of this species can reach 45 cm in length, weighing up to 2 kg in weight, however, catches normally are around 25 cm in length and about 1 kg in weight.
Its body is compact and quite elongated, its head has an almost pointy shape, where it emphasizes a wide mouth and large eyes. As for its fins, the ridges remain quite separate from each other, while the pecs are very short, and its anal fin very powerful, which has 1 radius and spiny and up to 13 soft rays.
It is a silver fish, whose belly pulls towards the gray silver, while its sides become greenish blue, and as it rises towards the sides the background color turns of a green less intense, with some silver reflections and others purple, Are highlighted in its back dark blue lines that undulate downwards, distinguishing it from other similar species.
Their most active season is summer, as they tend to get closer to the coast to stock up on food and resist the whole winter season dormant. When the temperature goes down, so do the mackerels, reaching up to 250 meters deep, moments when you seek refuge to spend the long winter without eating anything. As soon as the first changes in temperature are noticed, the mackerels come out of their lethargy and rise to the surface grouping themselves in large banks of fish.
Just at that time, the females expel their eggs, which exceed 300 thousand for each female, and these hatch a couple of days later.
Mackerels have a great appetite when they are in spring, summer and autumn season, but because of their size they do not hunt too big prey, they are satisfied with sardines, anchovies, eggs and larvae. Sometimes also very small molluscs and crustaceans.
The mackerel owes its Latin name (Scombrus) to Escombreras Island, a place that by the first century, represented one of the most famous ports where the food industry had great weight. The Garum was one of the most widely sold products around the Mediterranean Sea, which could be distinguished on the boats because of the long amphoras where they were transported.
Said sauce, was made from the entrails of mackerels, which taste exquisite and difficult to match by other fish.
On the other hand the city of Ceuta in Spain, has the Mackerel as one of its most representative symbols, since the fishermen of the Southeast traditionally fish it under the method of the Almadraba, very characteristic of that city.
When To Fish Mackerel?
The most recommended time for fishing for mackerel is mid-spring to early summer, however you can easily get it at any time except in winter, at which point they are lethargic and hidden in the depths.
As for the time of day, we can recommend the first hours of dawn, that is, around 5:00 in the morning, until 9:00 am, or in any case at dusk moments in which your appetite is much more Pressing that during the rest of the day or night.
Where To Fish Mackerel?
Depending on the temperature, mackerels are more or less distant from the coast, the more heat there is in the environment, the closer they will be to the coast.
Normally they inhabit half-water in large fish banks, although the bass line should not be thrown in the middle of the bank, since they will be ignored, the bait should be launched at great distance surrounding the bank of mackerel.
If you look for it from a boat, it must be adrift in a stream that surrounds the banks of Caballas, if possible the area is cured with little putty of strong smell, leaving a trace appetizing for the voracious Xarda.
If we look for it from the coast, whether on breakwaters or beaches, we will find it in areas of good depth, where there are rocks and the waters are moved, preferably where the currents carry food or small fish towards them.
How To Fish Mackerel?
One of the things that fishermen of this species most appreciate is that they can get them through multiple modalities and using different techniques. The Xardas or mackerels bite fast and their collection is very fun, so they represent a good day for children and adults. Nevertheless it is required that the rig is strong and the teams very light, due to the constant struggle and the sudden movements that they make.
It is a method of sport fishing, which uses a rig called knight, which uses a rod lined nylon, followed by an elongated lead with two gazas at the ends. One of them serves to tie the line. And the other holds two hooks.
In the following videos you can see how it is done.
Said rig is incarnated to sardines or squid, and are left to drift in half waters so that the mackerels peck and are almost immediately nailed. Then we have to pull and pick up the line, with the advantage that the emerillones we have put on will avoid the entanglements that the mackerel tries to make with their erratic movements.
Fly Mackerel Fishing
Using a lightweight spinning fishing equipment, we included a rigging withmedium sinking transparent rat tail . Waiting for the line to sink between 2 and 5 meters.
Among the considerations for choosing flies, we will choose those that have an extremely realistic appearance, preferably gray, green or blue. The sizes must be varied, as it happens many times that however suitable the color, if the size is not correct, we will not capture anything. The hair on its part we recommend synthetic.
The launch should be done quickly and very loosely, so as not to interfere with the fluid swim of the fish bank, which prevents them from something suspicious between them. If done well when picking the fly we will naturally attract the mackerel. If we read it, the bank will move to another area away from the danger you represent.
Coastal Spinning Mackerel Fishing
For this fishing it is advisable to be located in the rocks and throw at a distance that exceeds 30 meters to the shore.
You will need rods of 2 or 3 meters long and delicate launches, light reels and atransparent water buoy that can keep the line at a certain height.
For the decoy you can use vinyls , pens or teaspoons, which are the most effective, as long as you use those that have colors and appearance between realistic and striking.
Give vivacity and movements of escape to your lure, since otherwise it is very difficult for the Mackerel to pay attention, its sight is very bad so it detects the movement better and is guided mainly by its smell.
Once they are bent, they are picked up at a slow and steady pace, almost as if they were dragged around in trolls.
Using the same equipment as during the previous fishing, the tackle of two canes is thrown and dragged at a speed between 3 and 5 knots, can be done from kayakor bigger boats.
You have to groom the area very gently as you go, so that the mackerels can follow the trail of our lures.
Fishing Tricks Mackerel
Throw the putty or paste from the end of the boat at the beginning of the current, so that the bait passes under the boat. Place where they like to meet the mackerels by the shadow that exercises.
You barely capture your mackerels, you must sajorrarlas, that is, fracture your spine at the height of the head to bleed. Apparently this trick guarantees a great and more powerful taste of Mackerel meat.
For fly fishing you can make lizards in the form of squid, handmade with bags of snacks or fried. Those that are silver on the inside. Since the metallic glow draws much attention to the Mackerel.
The most attractive and efficient putty to prime the area without overspending, is made from fine sand or corn flour, mixed with shredded sardine and sardine oil.
“Did you learn how to fish mackerel? We hope that this report will be useful to you in your next day in Caballas. See you soon and good fishing.”
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